3rd Assigment.

  • Embedded Question.

Embedded question is used when wanting to ask a more polite question or talking about unknown speaker, which generally resides after the following phrase.
I wonder…
Can/could you tell me…
Do you know…
I’m not sure…
I have no idea…
I wanted to know…
I can’t remember…
Can you remember…
Please tell me…

Examples and Formula :

Contoh Direct Question :
Where does she live?
Can you lend me a car?
Is she tired all the time?

Contoh Embedded Question :
Can you tell me where she lives?*
I wonder if you could lend me a car.
I wanted to know if she is tired all the time.

  • Conditional Sentences.

Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are three types of Conditional Sentences.

Example and Formula :

Conditional Sentence Type 1

→ It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.

Form: if + Simple Present, will-Future

Example: If I find her address, I’ll send her an invitation.

Conditional Sentence Type 2

→ It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.

Form: if + Simple Past, Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)

Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.

Conditional Sentence Type 3

→ It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past.

Form: if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)

Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.

 

  • Comparisons

Comparison is a rhetorical or literary device in which a writer compares or contrasts two people, places, things, or ideas. In our everyday life, we compare people and things to express ourselves vividly. So when we say, someone is “as lazy as a snail,” you compare two different entities to show similarity i.e. someone’s laziness to the slow pace of a snail.

Examples and Formula :

Example #1: When I Have Fears (By John Keats)

These lines are from When I Have Fears, by John Keats.

“Before high-pil’d books, in charact’ry

Hold like rich garners the full-ripened grain,”

 

Example #2: As You Like It (By William Shakespeare)

“All the world’s a stage and men and women merely players…”

 

Example #3: Lolita (By Vladimir Nabokov)

“Elderly American ladies leaning on their canes listed toward me like towers of Pisa.”

 

Example #4: The Noiseless Patient Spider (By Walt Whitman)

“And you O my soul where you stand,

Surrounded, detached, in measureless oceans of space,

Ceaselessly musing, venturing, throwing, seeking the spheres to connect them,

Till the bridge you will need be form’d, till the ductile anchor hold,

Till the gossamer thread you fling catch somewhere, O my soul.”

 

  • Comparative

One way to describe nouns (people, objects, animals, etc.) is by comparing them to something else. When comparing two things, you’re likely to use adjectives like smaller, bigger, taller, more interesting, and less expensive. Notice the ‑er ending, and the words more and less. A mistake that both native speakers and non-native speakers make is using incorrectly formed comparative adjectives. See the sentences below for an illustration of this common error:

Example and formula :

His cat is more large than my dog.

His cat is larger than my dog.

So what makes the first example wrong and the second right? There are a few rules that explain this:

For adjectives that are just one syllable, add -er to the end (this explains the above example).

For two-syllable adjectives not ending in -y and for all three-or-more-syllable adjectives, use the form “more + adjective.”

For two-syllable adjectives ending in -y, change the -y to -i and add -er.

  • Superlative

When comparing more than two things, you’ll likely use words and phrases like smallest, biggest, tallest, most interesting, and least interesting. Notice the ‑est ending and the words most and least. Make sure you use the proper ending or superlative adjective when forming these superlatives. The examples below illustrate the correct form:

Examples and Formula:

Martha is the elder of the four sisters.

He was the tallest boy in the class.

This puzzle is the easiest in the whole book.

It’s the most interesting book I’ve ever read.

 

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