1st Assigment

  • Simple present tense.

Simple Present Tense is a tense form used to describe something that is currently (at present) at a specific time. Because at this time, it must use the first verb (verb 1) in the order of the sentence.

Formula :

sentence          formula Simple Present Tense      Example Simple Present Tense

 

positif

(+)                   S + V-1                                                       I do not go to school at seven.

S +/- auxiliary (do/does) + bare infinitive                 She likes eating out

S + be (am/is/are)                                                           he children are naughty.

negatif

(-)        S + auxiliary (do/does) + not + bare infinitive            She doesn’t like eating out

S + be(am/is/are) + not                                                              The children aren’t naughty

interogatif

(?)                    Do/Does + S + bare infinitive                         Does she like eating out

Be(am/is/are) + S                                                                     Are the children naughty

Source :

http://www.stanford.edu/~kenro/Edu208/GrammarUnits/simplepresentUnit.html. Accessed on February 19, 2012.

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/tenses/simple_present.htm Accessed on February 19, 2012.

http://fog.ccsf.edu/~lfried/grammar/present.html. Accessed on February 19, 2012.

http://www.mit.edu/course/21/21.guide/present.htm. Accessed on February 19, 2012.

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  • Present continous / progresive.

Present continuous tense or present progressive tense is a verb form used to express current action (present) or future plans (futures).

     Formula :

formula Present Continuous Tense :

Present continuous tense is formed with auxiliary verb “be”, in the form of is / am / are – because of present tense, and present participle (V1-ing). Generally this tense only occurs in the action of dynamic verb, not stative verb. Why so? because in general only dynamic verb has a continuous form.

Example :

Sentence          formula Present Continuous Tense     example Present Continuous Tense

 

Positif                                                                                      Iam listening to the radio.

(+)                   S + be (am/is/are) + present participle The ships are sailing

He is smiling

negatif

(-)                    S + be (am/is/are) + not + present participle   The ships are not sailing

He is not smiling

Tiara is not eating now.

 

Interogatif                                                                   are you leaving to jakarta tomorrow ?

(?)                    be (am/is/are) + S + present participle?                are the ships sailing

Is he smiling

Source :

http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/contform.htm. Accessed on February 14, 2013.

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/601/05/. Accessed on February 14, 2013.

http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pcont.htm. Accessed on February 14,   2013.

Mega bank of a grammar

Materi :  Grammar B.inggris

Penulis : haira rizka & niswatin  nurul hidayati,2017

  • Simple past tense.

 Simple Past tense is a tense form describing an event occurring at a specific time in the past. The verb used in this tense should be a second verb (verb 2).

Formula :

Simple past tense dibentuk dari verb-2 (past tense) atau linking verb “be” (was, were). Apa itu verb-2? Verb-2 merupakan bare infinitive (bentuk dasar verb) dengan tambahan -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, atau -ne untuk regular verb atau bentuk yang tidak konsisten pada irregular verb.

Example :

Jenis Sentence                  Rumus                                          Example Simple Past Tense

 

positif (+)                         S + Verb-2 (past tense)                  The teacher came

S + be(was/were)                                  I was a stamp collector

I was not busy last night.

 

negatif (-)                S + did + not + bare infinitive           The teacher didn’t come

S + be(was/were) + not                                        I wasn’t a stamp collector

Did you work in the bank ?

 

interogatif (?)       Did + S + bare infinitive                      Did the teacher come

be(was/were) + S                                 Was I a stamp collector

I used to swim when i was young.

Source :

http://www.elc.byu.edu/classes/aoyama/grammar4/aoyg4f05/charts/past2.pdf. Accessed on December 13, 2012.

http://people.rit.edu/kecncp/Courses/Materials/Grammar/When,While,During.doc. Accessed on December 13, 2012.

Mega bank of a grammar

Materi :  Grammar B.inggris

Penulis : haira rizka & niswatin  nurul hidayati,2017

  • Past continous / progesive.

Pengertian Past Continuous Tense.

Past continuous tense or past progressive tense is a verb form used to indicate that an action is occurring at a certain time in the past.

Formula :

Formula Past Continuous Tense.

Past continuous tense is formed with auxiliary verb “be”, in the form of was / were – due to past tense, and present participle. Was for singular subject (I, she, he, it, and third person pronoun) and were for plural subject (you, they, we, third person plural).

This tense generally occurs only in the action of dynamic verb, not stative verb because in general only dynamic verb has continuous form.

Example :

Jenis   Sentence                    Formula                                                 Example

positif

(+)            S + be (was/were) + present participle (v-ing)              The team was running

The workers were queuing

I was sweepinng while teddy was washing.

negatif

(-)        S + be (was/were) + not + present participle (v-ing)          The team was not running

The workers weren’t queuing

I was not watching TV when you  called me.

interogatif

(?)        be (was/were) + S + present participle (v-ing)?                Was the team running

Were the workers queuing

What were you doing last night at 7 ?

Source :

Mega bank of a grammar

Materi :  Grammar B.inggris

Penulis : haira rizka & niswatin  nurul hidayati,2017

http://www.stanford.edu/~kenro/Edu208/GrammarUnits/pastcontinousUnit.html.  Accessed on February 16, 2013.

http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/pastcont.htm.  Accessed on February 16, 2013.

http://tensesbahasainggris.net/tenses/past-continuous-tense/

 

 

 

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